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TC CONSTITUTION

The Collective Members will draft, debate, and ratify the Constitution that will govern The Collective Economic Union once one million verified members has been reached.

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Article I

Name

Section 1. This organization shall be known as The American Collective Economic Union (referred to as The Collective).

Mission

Section 2. The mission of The Collective is to organize under one banner the American working class, American consumers, and American families; to educate them to cooperate in The Collective movement; and to impress upon our membership, employers, and the public that it is to the advantage of all concerned that Americans be organized and mobilized against Wall Street. 

The organization of Americans requires honest and intelligent membership, adapted to modern civilization. We teach our members the advantage, benefits, and importance of their position in the modern digitized economy, and we endeavor to build up and perfect an economic union with the highest standards. 

We seek to ensure that the fees and contributions made by our members improve their economic security and that members receive the benefits derived from their labors in the form of data ownership, data security, encrypted communication and commerce, and an economic ecosystem independent of Wall Street. 

The object of The Collective is to secure greater independence from privately owned corporations, greater economic mobility, better working conditions, and other economic advantages through organization, negotiations and collective bargaining, through advancement of our standing in the community and in the labor movement through legal and economic means, and all other lawful methods; to provide educational advancement and training for employees, members, and officers; to safeguard, advance, and promote the principle of free collective bargaining; to advance the rights of Americans, and the security and welfare of all the people by political, educational, and other community activity; to engage in cul‑ tural, civic, legislative, political, educational, charitable, welfare, social, and other activities which further the interests of The Collective and its membership, directly or indirectly; to provide financial and moral assistance to allied organizations or other bodies having purposes and objectives in whole or in part similar or related to those of The Collective; to engage in community activities which will advance the interests of The Collective and its members in the community and in the nation, directly or indirectly; to protect and preserve The Collective as an institution and to perform its legal and contractual obligations; to receive, manage, invest, expend, or otherwise use the funds and property of this organization to carry out the duties and to achieve the objectives set forth in The Collective and for such additional purposes and objects not inconsistent therewith as will further the interests of The Collective and its members, directly or indirectly. 

The achievement of these objectives within the American economy that is dominated by hostile multinational corporations and conglomerates will require coordination of our activities to maximize our members’ economic strength through national and international bargaining, the establishment of master industry-wide standards, and the implementation of strategic organizing campaigns. It will require the establishment of alliances with community groups that share our objectives, and whose goals we can also support. It is recognized that the problems with which The Collective is accustomed to deal are not limited to unionism and collective bargaining alone, but encompass a broad spectrum of economic and social objectives as set forth above and as The Collective may determine from time to time. We therefore determine and assert that the participation of The Collective, individually and with other organizations, in the pursuit and attainment of the objectives set forth herein is for the benefit of not just The Collective and its members but for 99% of Americans and their loved ones. 

In seeking to achieve these goals, we pledge to work with employers that share our dedication to workers’ rights, as we pledge to organize workers and consumers to assist them in their fight against those employers that do not.

Section 3. The Collective is proud of American history, the trials and tribulations of fallible, imperfect people, and their pursuit of unifying a diverse group of working men and women from different cultures and ethnic backgrounds in order to advance their economic, social, and political interests. We are committed to the development of an organization that values and encourages all Americans to participate in the policymaking and leadership roles at all levels of The Collective and its affiliated bodies.

Article II

MEMBERSHIP AND ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE

Membership

Section 1(a). Membership is available to flesh-and-blood human beings, 14 years of age or older within the United States of America and territories that are subject to US jurisdiction. 

Each person upon becoming a member thereby pledges to faithfully observe the Constitution and laws of The Collective; to comply with all rules and regulations for the government of The Collective; to take an affirmative part in the activities of The Collective; that they will not divulge to nonmembers the private business of The Collective unless authorized to reveal the same; to never knowingly harm a fellow member; to never discriminate against a fellow member on account of race, color, religion, sex, age, physical or mental disability, sexual orientation, national origin or any other legally protected group or class; to refrain from any conduct that would interfere with The Collective's performance of its legal or contractual obligations.

Section 2(a). No person who knowingly associates with any member or associate of any organized crime organization or any other criminal group, or who actively advocates the overthrow of a federal, state, or provincial government by force or violence, or is a member of any party or group and knows of and actively advocates its purpose to overthrow a federal, state, or provincial government by force or violence, shall be allowed to hold membership in The Collective or any of its subordinate bodies. If any such person obtains membership, or after having been admitted to The Collective membership knowingly associates with any member or associate of organized crime or any other criminal group or advocates the overthrow of a federal, state, or provincial government by force or violence, or becomes a member of a party or group and knows of and actively advocates its purpose to overthrow a federal, state, or provincial government by force or violence, they shall be expelled from membership. On the evidence of association with the described parties above, The Collective Executive Board will remove the individual's membership from The Collective.

(b). Membership of an individual can be revoked by a 60% majority vote by the total member body. When a majority has been reached it is incumbent on The Collective Executive Board to process the deregistration of the individual who has been voted out by their peers.

(c). The action of The Collective Executive Board is final and binding, with the understanding that either party has the right to appeal in accordance with this Constitution, subject to the following provision: if, in the opinion of the General President, the above Section has not been complied with in principle and intent by The Collective or its executive officers, he or someone appointed by them or acting for them, shall be empowered to reopen and review the case and, if they deem it advisable, they or their representative shall be empowered to transfer the case to the General Executive Board. If the General Executive Board returns a decision of guilty, the decision shall be final and binding.

The Collective Fiduciary’s Code of Ethics

Section 3(b). Any member who serves as a fiduciary of a program covering members or employees of The Collective or any of its subordinate bodies shall pledge to follow the following Code of Ethics with respect to his or her service as a fiduciary to the plan: 

(1). The fiduciary shall faithfully serve the best interests of the participants and beneficiaries of the program in accordance with the requirements of applicable law. 

(2). The fiduciary shall exercise his or her duties with respect to the program with the care, skill, prudence, and diligence under the circumstances that a prudent person familiar with such matters would use acting under similar circumstances. 

(3). Neither the fiduciary nor any member of the fiduciary’s family shall profit personally from his or her position in the program, other than through benefits payable under the generally applicable rules of the program or reasonable compensation payable by the program for services rendered to the program, which services are necessary for the establishment or operation of the program. 

(4). The fiduciary shall take reasonable steps, consistent with his or her obligations under applicable law, to ensure that all stakeholders who are required to contribute to the program under a collective agreement fully comply with their reporting and contribution obligations. 

(5). The fiduciary shall not cause the program to incur unreasonable administrative or other expenses not necessary for the establishment or operation of the program, in accordance with established law. 

(6). The fiduciary shall cooperate with The Collective's negotiating committees by responding to requests from any Chair or Co-Chair of a negotiating committee for information and assistance needed for negotiations, to the extent not inconsistent with his or her fiduciary obligations to the program

Eligibility To Office

Section 4(a)(1). To be eligible for election to any office in The Collective, a member must be in continuous good standing in The Collective for a period of twelve (12) consecutive months prior to the month of nomination for said office and must be eligible to hold the office if elected.

The first official elections of leadership will happen once The Collective reaches ten (10) million verified members. The first election nominees do not have to be a member of The Collective for twelve (12) months but must be a member of The Collective. After the first election is held the twelve (12) month requirement must be met for all future elections.

 “Continuous good standing” means compliance with payment of dues for a period of one year, together with no interruptions in active membership in The Collective for which office is sought because of suspensions, expulsions, withdrawals, transfers, or failure to pay fines or assessments.

(2). To be eligible for election to any office in The Collective, a member must have voted in a minimum of 90% of Collective Action Votes (CAV) for the length of their membership. The Collective in effect shall keep accurate records reflecting those members who have voted and shall exempt from the voting requirement any member who, because of critical illness, loss of consciousness, or other good cause, is unable to vote. Any exemption shall be uniformly and fairly applied.

(3). To be eligible for election to any office in The Collective or a subordinate body a member must be in compliance with Article II, Section 4(a)(1) and 4(a)(2), if applicable, prior to nomination for said office.

(b). The eligibility requirements of subparagraphs (a) (1) and (2) of this Section 4 shall apply to elected members of The Collective or other subordinate bodies.

Article III 

CONVENTIONS

Conventions 

Section 1. The Convention of The Collective shall be held every five (5) years at such time and place as may be designated by the General Executive Board upon the recommendation of the General President. The General Secretary-Treasurer shall issue a Call for the Convention not less than one-hundred and twenty (120) calendar days prior to the date of meeting, unless otherwise directed by the General Executive Board. 

The first Convention will be held within one-hundred and twenty (120) calendar days of reaching ten (10) million verified members.

In the event of an emergency as determined by the General Executive Board which prevents the holding of a Convention in accordance with the provisions herein set forth, the same shall be held as soon thereafter as possible, in accordance with the intent and spirit of this Constitution. Any challenge to the Call of the Convention or the Convention procedures prescribed in such Call, must be filed in writing with the General President within fifteen (15) days of issuance of the Convention Call. 

Constitution and Other Committees 

Section 2. The General President is authorized to appoint from the membership a Constitution Committee which shall prepare proposed amendments to The Collective's Constitution for submission to the Convention. The General President, at his discretion, is also authorized to appoint such other committees from the membership as he may determine will facilitate the work of the Convention. The appointed members shall receive as compensation for their extra services such expenses and remuneration as the General Executive Board may determine.

Amendments to Constitution; Resolutions 

Section 9(a). Sixty (60) days prior to each Convention, 

The Collective, The Collective officers, members in good standing, or the general officers shall have the right to send to the General President proposed amendments or additions to the Constitution, or resolutions, which shall be submitted to the Constitution Committee when it meets. This shall not deprive delegates to the Convention of their right to propose amendments or additions to the Constitution during the Convention or to submit resolutions or amend resolutions during the Convention in accordance with the Rules governing the Convention. However, in all instances, a proposed amendment or addition to the Constitution, or a resolution or amendment to a resolution shall be referred to the Constitution Committee. 

(b). Amendments to the Constitution and all other actions of the Convention shall be adopted by a majority vote of the total member body. Amendments shall become effective immediately upon their adoption unless otherwise specified in any particular amendment adopted by the Convention.

(c). The General Executive Board shall have the power, following Convention adoption of amendments to this Constitution, but prior to printing thereof, to make such typographical, grammatical, and punctuation corrections, rearrangements, and renumbering of articles and sections, or otherwise, including the supplying or remedying of inadvertent omissions or errors, as are necessary to carry out the spirit and intent of any amendments so adopted. 

(d). The General President, subject to the Rules of the Convention, shall determine and may change the order of business at the Convention at any time. 

(e). The time within which certain actions must be taken as set forth in this Article, other than the time of holding the Convention, may be waived by the General President and General Secretary-Treasurer upon good cause shown, with a right of appeal to the General Executive Board.

 

Article IV 

OFFICERS AND ELECTIONS 

The Collective Officers

Section 1(a). The officers of The Collective shall consist of a General President, General Secretary-Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief Community Officer, and Chief Science Officer (hereinafter referred to as Executive Officers), the number of other Vice Presidents (hereinafter referred to as Vice Presidents) calculated in accordance with Section (b) of this Article.

The General President, General Secretary-Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief Community Officer, Chief Science Officer, and the other Vice Presidents provided for by Section (b) shall constitute the General Executive Board. 

(b). There shall be no more than ten (10) Vice Presidents. There shall also be Regional Vice Presidents the represent each state and territory in the United States. 

(c). The term of office of The Collective officers shall be five (5) years, or the interval between regular Conventions, whichever is the longer, and until their successor is qualified and sworn, subject however to the provisions of Article IX, Section 7

Election of Officers 

Section 2(a). Sixty (60) days prior to the Convention, members shall nominate candidates for Vice President by motion through the provided digital voting platform. Candidates must accept nominations no later than at the time made, either in person or in writing.

To qualify for the ballot as a candidate for Vice President, a candidate who has been nominated receives at least five (5%) percent of the votes cast by the member body as a whole. In calculating the number of votes necessary for nomination for the ballot, any fraction shall be rounded to the next whole number. No member shall be a candidate for nomination to more than one (1) Vice President's office.

(b). Sixty (60) days prior to the Convention, members shall nominate candidates for General President, General Secretary-Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief Community Officer, and Chief Science Officer by motion through the provided digital voting platform. Candidates must accept nominations no later than at the time made, either in person or in writing. 

(c). Candidates must accept nomination resulting from the vote in person at the start of the regular business of the morning session of the second day of the Convention, or if absent, by written acceptance filed at least one day prior to the close of the Convention. No member shall accept nomination for more than one (1) office.

(d). Where the number of nominations does not exceed the number of positions for elections, there shall be no necessity for any further nominations or election process with respect to such nominee(s), and such nominee(s) shall be declared duly elected. Where the number of nominations resulting from the nomination vote does not exceed the number of positions open for election, there shall be no necessity for the election of such nominee(s) and such nominee(s) shall be declared duly elected. 

(e). The results of the ballot nominating elections shall be reported to the Chairman of the Convention, who shall announce the results to members. Objections to the nomination of any officer(s) shall be made immediately upon the announcement of the results. Objections shall be made to the Convention and shall specify the alleged violation and the manner in which the outcome of the nomination may have been affected. Objections shall be resolved by a majority vote of the members.

(f). Officers who may have been declared elected under Section 2(d), shall be certified on the last day of the Convention but shall not assume their official duties until the expiration of the terms of the incumbent officers, upon the certification of the results of the rank-and-file election of the General Executive Board. 

Section 3(a). No less than four (4) months and no more than six (6) months after the Convention, candidates nominated for the ballot for the offices of General President, General Secretary-Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief Community Officer, Chief Science Officer, and Vice Presidents shall be elected by direct rank-and-file voting by members in good standing. All voting shall be by secret ballot. All eligible members shall be entitled to vote for General President, General Secretary-Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief Community Officer, Chief Science Officer, and Vice Presidents. Members shall also be entitled to vote for their respective Regional Vice Presidents

(b). The candidates for General President, General Secretary-Treasurer, Chief Technology Officer, Chief Security Officer, Chief Operations Officer, Chief Community Officer, Chief Science Officer, and Vice Presidents, re‑ respectively, receiving the highest number of votes shall be declared elected. The candidates receiving the highest number of votes for Regional Vice Presidents, respectively, shall be declared elected. In the event of a tie vote that determines election to any office, there shall be a rerun election between the tied candidates.

Section 4. No candidate for election shall accept or use any contributions or other things of value received from any commercial entity or individual or any similar entity. 

SALARIES AND EXPENSES OF OFFICERS 

Section 1(a). The salary of the General President shall be two hundred twenty-five thousand dollars ($250,000) per year. The salary of the General Secretary-Treasurer shall be two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000) per year. All expenses of the General President and General Secretary-Treasurer shall be paid by The Collective. The salaries of the Vice Presidents shall be seventy-five thousand dollars ($150,000) per year as compensation for representing the interests of The Collective. 

When engaged in other duties under orders from the General President, the executive board and the Vice Presidents may receive additional compensation and expenses as determined by the General President. 

(b). All salaries of, or powers to establish them for, general officers shall be determined by the Convention prior to the election of officers. The General Executive Board may provide such accommodations by purchase, lease, or otherwise, as it believes desirable for the housing of officers and employees while on official business, and require the use thereof. 

Article VI

GENERAL PRESIDENT—DUTIES AND POWERS 

General Duties

Section 1(a). The General President shall preside at the Convention and conduct the same in conformity with this Constitution. They shall have the deciding vote in case of a tie on any question that is being voted on by the Convention. They shall act to the best of their ability in furthering the interests of the organization. They shall fill any vacancy among the officers of The Collective, subject to the approval of a majority of the General Executive Board. 

(b). The General President shall have general supervision over the affairs of The Collective, which shall be conducted in accordance with the Constitution and subject at all times to review and approval of the General Executive Board. 

(c). The General President and the other general officers may hold office in subordinate bodies and render services thereto. However, neither the General President nor General Secretary-Treasurer shall receive any compensation, allowances, or fringe benefits from any such subordinate bodies. 

(d). The General President may accept a call to serve by the government of the United States; and if such call is made and he believes that it is in the best interests of The Collective to accept, his position and remuneration as now outlined in the Constitution shall not be interfered with and shall continue. 

(e). The General President may, without the approval of the General Executive Board, appoint a member of The Collective as Executive Assistant to the General President, who shall receive a salary for the term of their appointment. 

(f). The General President may appoint and designate a member of The Collective as a Personal Representative who shall act on behalf of the General President as the General President may determine, including the right to attend meetings, interview members, and review the records of any subordinate body of The Collective. 

(g). The General President shall be empowered to appoint and fix the salaries of one (l) or more Assistants to the General President to carry on his work if he deems it necessary. 

(h). The General President shall have the authority at his discretion to direct that a referendum vote, or a supervised secret ballot vote or a secret ballot vote by membership in meeting assembled, be held by the membership of The Collective or subordinate body, or the membership in any division or craft of The Collective or subordinate body, or the membership at any place of employment or under any specific contract, or on any other similar basis on any matter, issue or proposition when, in his opinion, the welfare of such membership or the subordinate body or The Collective will be served thereby.

Judicial Powers

Section 2(a). The General President shall have authority to interpret the Constitution and laws of The Collective, including the authority to interpret the Bylaws of subordinate bodies, and to decide all questions of law thereunder between meetings of the General Executive Board. The General President shall have authority, unless some other procedure is expressly provided in this Constitution, to settle and determine all grievances and disputes submitted to him by Councils and other subordinate bodies, or members, between meetings of the General Executive Board. All interpretations rendered under this Article shall be subject to appeal to the General Executive Board and, thereafter, to the next Convention in the manner and to the extent prescribed in this Constitution. When any action is taken as provided herein between meetings of the General Executive Board such action shall be reported to the next meeting of the General Executive Board for its approval, reversal, or modification, if an appeal has been taken. 

(b). When the General President makes a decision or orders a subordinate body to observe the laws, and the subordinate body refuses, the subordinate body shall be subject to suspension or revocation of the charter by the General Executive Board or imposition of Trusteeship by the General President. This provision shall also apply to decisions and orders of the General Executive Board.

Approval of Bylaws of Subordinate Entities

Section 4(a). Bylaws of subordinate bodies and amendments thereto, shall be effective upon approval by the General President. The General President shall have the authority to approve amendment(s) retroactive to the date on which the amendment(s) were initially adopted by the subordinates' membership. However, such retroactive approval shall not be granted where the effect of such action would be to excuse an action taken without adequate authorization as required by the Bylaws approved by the membership. In no event shall Bylaws, or amendments thereto, be approved to a date before they were properly adopted. Retroactive approval shall not be granted unless the Bylaws or amendment is submitted to the General President for approval promptly after its adoption by the membership. Nor shall retroactive approval be granted if the effect is to excuse an action that was not lawful, or was not properly authorized in accordance with the Bylaws as approved by the subordinate body, at the time the action was taken. If the General President fails to approve the Bylaws or amendments thereto, the matter may be referred by the subordinate body to the General Executive Board for its determination. 

(b). Subordinate shall not adopt Bylaws or take any action which would impair their ability to meet their financial obligations to The Collective and its subordinate bodies or interfere with the discharge of their obligations to their members in the negotiation and administration of collective bargaining agreements and in conducting the affairs of the subordinate as a solvent organization.

Power of General President to Appoint Trustees; Duties and Obligations of Subordinates Under Trusteeship 

Section 5(a). If the General President has or receives information which leads him to believe that any of the officers of The Collective or other subordinate bodies are dishonest or incompetent, or that such organization is not being conducted in accordance with the Constitution and laws of The Collective or for the benefit of the membership, or is being conducted in such a manner as to jeopardize the interests of The Collective or its subordinate bodies, or if the General President believes that such action is necessary for the purpose of correcting corruption or financial malpractice, assuring the performance of market actions and programs or other duties, restoring democratic procedures or preventing any action which is disruptive of, or interferes with the performance of obligations of other members or subordinate entities, or otherwise carrying out legitimate objects of the subordinate body, he may appoint a temporary Trustee to take charge and control of the affairs of such subordinate body; provided, however, that before the appointment of such temporary Trustee, the General President shall set a time and place for a hearing for the purpose of determining whether such temporary Trustee shall be appointed; and further provided that where, in the judgment of the General President, an emergency situation exists within the subordinate body, the temporary Trustee may be appointed prior to such hearing, but such hearing shall then commence within thirty (30) days and decision made within sixty (60) days after furnishing of the transcript of testimony; and further provided that in all cases the subordinate body shall be advised of the reason for the appointment. Adequate notice at least ten (10) days prior to the date of the hearing shall be given to the subordinate body involved. In the case of all hearings conducted prior to or after the establishment of a Trusteeship, the General President shall designate a panel composed of uninvolved members of The Collective, at least one (1) of whom shall be from the area or industry involved. The General President may, at his discretion, appoint an employee of The Collective to such panel. Such representatives shall make their recommendations to the General President orally or in writing within sixty (60) days after the furnishing of the transcript of testimony, and the decision in the case shall be made by the General President himself, which decision shall be made within fifteen (15) days after such recommendations are received by him, and the decision shall be promptly transmitted to the subordinate body. Appeals, if any, from determinations following such hearings shall be taken directly to the General Executive Board. Appeals, if any, from the decision of the General Executive Board shall be taken to the Convention by the subordinate body affected. Procedures on appeals under this Section, insofar as is consistent with this Section, shall be governed by the provisions of Article XIX. The Collective shall not be responsible for any actions or activities of a subordinate body under Trusteeship unless such actions or activities have been directed or authorized by the Trustee. The General Executive Board may modify or add to the procedures established herein for the purpose of assuring compliance with any applicable law. The time requirements set forth in this Section shall not be mandatory but are only directory. 

(b). The Trustee shall be authorized and empowered to take full charge of the affairs of the subordinate body, to remove any or all officers and appoint temporary officers at any time during his Trusteeship, and to take such other action as in his judgment is necessary for the preservation of the subordinate body and its interests. The terms of office of officers so removed shall terminate as of the date of removal. The Trustee shall report from time to time on the affairs and transactions of the subordinate body to the General President. His acts shall be subject to the supervision of the General President. The General President may remove Trustees at any time and may appoint successor Trustees. The General President may also appoint an administrative assistant to the Trustee to assist such Trustee in managing the day-to-day operations of the Trusteed subordinate body. 

(c). The removed officers shall turn over all moneys, books, and properties of the subordinate body to the Trustee, who must render a receipt for the same. 

(d). Temporary officers and Trustees must be members in good standing. They must give bonds for the faithful discharge of their duties, satisfactory to whoever appointed them, which shall not be less than the amount of money they are apt to handle. 

(e). The Trustee shall take possession of all the funds, books, papers, and other properties of the subordinate body and tender a receipt for same. He shall pay all outstanding claims, properly proved, if funds are sufficient. If the funds are not sufficient he shall settle the most worthy claims, as his judgment dictates, unless otherwise provided for in this Constitution. In the event the charter of the subordinate body is suspended or revoked, all its funds, books, papers, and other properties shall be forwarded to the General Secretary-Treasurer, who shall hold them for the purpose of reorganization. If no reorganization occurs within a period of two (2) years, such funds shall be transferred to the general fund. 

(f). In all cases of Trusteeships, the Trustee shall make a report to the General President at intervals of no more than every six (6) months, which report shall contain his recommendations with respect to whether the Trusteeship shall be continued or terminated. The first (1st) such report shall be made within six (6) months after the date of the decision following the hear‑ ing on the appointment of a Trustee. 

(g). Additionally the subordinate body, in regular or special membership meeting, by a majority vote, may petition the General President for the restoration of self-government, provided that no such petition shall be presented at intervals of less than six (6) months starting with the date of the decision following the first hearing on the appointment of the Trustee. 

(h). When a subordinate body petitions for restoration of self-government as herein provided, it shall be accorded a hearing which shall be commenced within thirty (30) days and a decision made within sixty (60) days after the receipt of the transcript, which hearing shall be held in the same manner as provided in Section 5(a) of this Article relative to hearings on initial appointment of Trustees. 

(i). When it is determined by the General President or the General Executive Board that self-government be restored, the Trustee shall direct an election at such time as he may designate, any other provision of this Constitution or Rules or Bylaws to the contrary notwithstanding. The Trustee shall not install the officers elected at such election until directed to do so by the General President. Upon such installation, the Trusteeship shall terminate and the Trustee shall return all remaining funds, property, books, and papers to the appropriate officers of the Local Union or other subordinate body. Subsequent to the release of the subordinate from Trusteeship a terminal audit shall be prepared. 

(j). During any Trusteeship, the affairs of the subordinate shall be administered in accordance with the existing Bylaws of the subordinate, to the extent those provisions are consistent with the Constitution and do not prevent the Trustee from accomplishing the objectives of the Trusteeship. The General President shall have the authority to approve a recommendation of the Trustee that a provision of the Local Union Bylaws be suspended in order to redress the problems that caused the Trusteeship. 

Official Journal 

Section 6. The official Journal shall be published under the supervision of an editorial staff of not less than two (2) members selected by the General President and approved by the General Executive Board, such staff to work under the direction of the General President, but to be responsible to and guided in its policies by the General Executive Board. A copy of the Journal shall be sent directly to each member. Copies may be sent to any person, organization, or institution at the discretion of the General President. The General President shall be empowered to employ such help as he may need to carry on this work. 

Vacancy in Office of President 

Section 8(a). In case of the death, resignation, or removal of the General President, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall immediately assume the office, powers, and duties of the General President for the balance of the unexpired term, provided that the General Secretary-Treasurer was elected to that office, or to any other office on the General Executive Board which was subject to a membership vote, in the most recent election conducted. In the event the General Secretary-Treasurer has not been so elected, the Chief Operations Officer who received the greatest number of votes in the most recent election conducted shall become General President. The General Executive Board shall have the authority to fill by appointment any vacancy resulting from such succession. 

(b). In the event that the General President is temporarily unavailable during any period or periods of time, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall exercise all of the powers and duties of the office of the General President during such period or periods of temporary unavailability, except for his powers to appoint and remove which, during such period or periods, shall not be exercised without the prior approval of the General Executive Board. 

(c). In the event that the General President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office for a period of six (6) months, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall convene a meeting of the General Executive Board for the purpose of determining if the General President is permanently unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Upon a determination by the General Executive Board that the General President is permanently unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the General Executive Board shall declare a vacancy in the office of the General President which shall be filled in accordance with Section 8(a) of this Article. 

The resulting vacancy on the General Executive Board shall be filled as provided by the Constitution. 

Section 9. The General President shall have the authority to make expenditures from the general fund in amounts not exceeding $25,000 for any single transaction for lobbying and other political purposes, including contributions to candidates for state, provincial, and local offices if such contributions are not prohibited by state, provincial, or local law.

Expenditures exceeding $25,000 for any single transaction shall be subject to prior approval by the General Executive Board. 

Article VII 

GENERAL SECRETARY-TREASURER— DUTIES AND POWERS 

General Duties 

Section 1. The General Secretary-Treasurer shall be the custodian of all of the properties, funds, securities, and assets of The Collective wherever located. He shall conduct all financial correspondence involving or affecting The Collective and all financial correspondence between The Collective and any affiliate or subordinate body of The collective, and his signature shall, as a ministerial act, be required on all instruments, documents, deeds, or other papers of any nature whatsoever requiring or involving the investment of any of the funds of The Collective. The General Secretary-Treasurer shall keep a correct record of the proceedings of the Conventions of The Collective and of each meeting of the General Executive Board, preserve all important documents, papers, letters received, and copies of all important letters involving The Collective and which pertain to the functions and responsibilities of the Office of the General Secretary-Treasurer. He shall supply all members to the Convention of The Collective with a copy of the correct record of the proceedings of any such Convention as soon as is practicable following the Convention and shall supply each member of the General Executive Board with a correct copy of the minutes of each meeting of the General Executive Board as soon as is practicable following the meeting. 

Section 2(a). The General Secretary-Treasurer shall have primary responsibility for the payment from the general fund of all financial obligations, commitments, and expenditures of The Collective. Requests or requirements for payments from the general fund shall be submitted to the General Secretary-Treasurer and shall be supported by written authorization in the form of statement, bill, invoice, voucher, disbursement authorization, or similar written instrument. All such requests or requirements for payment from the general fund as indicated above shall, prior to payment, be reviewed and approved as to the validity of such claim by the General President and as to the adequacy of supporting data by the General President and the General Secretary-Treasurer or by representatives duly appointed by each, provided such representatives are appropriately bonded. Following approval as set forth above, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall make payment by check or digital transfers approved under his individual signature for the following classes of financial obligations of The Collective: 

(1). Routine or recurring expenditures incurred in the operation of the General President’s and the General Secretary-Treasurer’s offices such as general office expenses, administrative and clerical salaries, building maintenance expenses, salaries or compensation of officers, organizers and other representatives or staff members of The Collective, including expenses of such individuals as authorized by The Collective Constitution, real and personal property taxes, and other types of taxes, interest payments, and all other similar regularly recurring expenses of The Collective, provided that the General Executive Board shall first have given general authorization for payment of such type of financial obligations. 

(2). Expenditures such as out-of-work benefits, or advances or payments to Trade Conferences or Divisions, Councils, and other similar specific expenditures all of which have, prior to payment thereof, been specifically authorized by the General Executive Board or this Constitution. 

(b). All expenditures from the general fund, other than those provided in 2(a) above, relating to the operation of The Collective, including, but not limited to, expenditures to further the Objects of The Collective as set forth in Article I, Section 2 herein, shall be approved by the General President and the General Secretary-Treasurer. Payment of such expenditures shall be signed by the General President and the General Secretary-Treasurer. In the event of disagreement between the General President and the General Secretary-Treasurer concerning the making of any payment, the matter shall be submitted to the General Executive Board for determination, which determination shall be final and binding. 

(c). The General President and General SecretaryTreasurer and all other representatives or employees of The Collective who handle any funds of The Collective or subordinate body thereof or are involved in the making of any expenditures from the general funds shall be bonded in an amount sufficient to protect The Collective. 

(d). In the event that the General Secretary-Treasurer is temporarily unavailable during any period or periods of time, the General President shall exercise all of the powers and duties of the office of the General Secretary-Treasurer during such period or periods of temporary unavailability, except for his powers to appoint and remove which, during such period or periods, shall not be exercised without the prior approval of the General Executive Board. 

(e). In the event of the incapacity or unavailability of any person authorized by this Constitution to sign checks or documents, the General Executive Board shall designate another person to exercise such authority. 

(f). The General Secretary-Treasurer may, without the approval of the General Executive Board, appoint and fix the salaries of an Executive Assistant to the General Secretary-Treasurer and one (1) or more Assistants to the General Secretary-Treasurer to carry out their work if they deem it necessary. 

Financial Report

 

Section 3(a). The General Secretary-Treasurer shall issue annually a financial report summarizing the assets and liabilities of The Collective and stating the net worth of that organization and the receipts and disbursements together with a Certified Public Accountant’s statement as set forth in Section 1 of Article VIII. Such a report shall be published annually in the Official Journal of The Collective. At any time a financial report is requested by the General Executive Board, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall furnish such a report consisting of a statement of assets, liabilities, and net worth of The Collective.

(b). The General Secretary-Treasurer shall furnish the Secretary of each subordinate body with a roster which shall be kept current at least semi-annually, showing The Collective officers, Councils, Trade Conferences, and Divisions of The Collective.

Finances 

Section 4(a). The General Secretary-Treasurer shall receive moneys due from all sources and in the case of subordinate bodies shall give his receipt therefor. All moneys shall be placed in banks, depositories, or vaults approved by the General Executive Board in the name of The Collective.

(b). At least twenty-five percent (25%) of the assets of The Collective (exclusive of real estate, buildings, and furnishings) shall be maintained in interest-bearing bank accounts and short-term investments as directed by the General Executive Board. 

Auditors and Audits 

Section 5(a). The books of all subordinate bodies may be audited to the extent prescribed by the General Executive Board at least once between Conventions by an Auditor, or by a Chartered or Certified Public Accountant, as directed by the General Executive Board, under the supervision of the General Secretary-Treasurer. For that purpose, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall appoint Auditors, and their salaries, per diem, and expenses shall be fixed. The number of such Auditors to be determined by the General Executive Board. The General Secretary-Treasurer, when he deems it for the best interest of The Collective, is hereby empowered to remove any Auditor with the approval of a majority of the General Executive Board. 

(b). All subordinate bodies and joint operations, whether they be within The Collective or with other commercial enterprises, which receive any contributions, advances, matching funds, or special payments of any nature from The Collective shall keep full financial records respecting same and the manner in which they are expended. The books of every subordinate body shall be audited by a Chartered or Certified Public Accountant at least once a year. The books of joint organizing funds may be audited by a Chartered or Certified Public Accountant at the discretion of the General Secretary-Treasurer. Copies of all annual or terminal audit reports, whether prepared by a TC Auditor or a Chartered or Certified Public Accountant, shall be forwarded to the General Secretary-Treasurer. Also, all subordinate bodies must send to the General Secretary-Treasurer copies of all financial reports setting forth a statement of assets and liabilities and a statement of receipts and disbursements which are required by law. 

Supplies

Section 6(a). The General Secretary-Treasurer shall procure all seals and supplies and furnish same to all subordinates desiring them. It shall become compulsory upon all subordinates to procure from The Collective, all supplies carried by The Collective.

Article VIII

AUDIT COMMITTEE 

Section 1. There shall be an Audit Committee consisting of trustees and auditors selected by the General Executive Board and an independent accounting professional selected by the President General with the approval of the General Executive Board. The independent accounting professional shall not otherwise be employed by The Collective; shall not perform other work for The Collective; and shall not be affiliated with a firm that performs work for The Collective. The independent accounting professional shall be paid reasonable fees and expenses as approved by the General Executive Board. These fees and expenses shall include the assistance of subordinates necessary and appropriate to assist the independent accounting professional, as determined by the Audit Committee. The Audit Committee shall have the right to engage legal and additional accounting assistance at reasonable expense with the approval of the General Executive Board. The trustees will be afforded training necessary and appropriate to allow them to fulfill their obligations as Audit Committee members.

 Section 2. The Audit Committee shall be responsible for reviewing The Collective's books and records on a quarterly basis and shall report its findings directly to the General Executive Board. The review shall include the books and records of all properties, facilities, and accounts under the control of The Collective and/or the General Secretary-Treasurer. The Audit Committee shall have the right to examine and copy all books and records necessary to perform its review. The Audit Committee shall be responsible for reviewing the work and duties of The Collective's Audit Department. The Audit Committee shall communicate regularly with The Collective's outside auditor, shall review the work of the outside auditor and shall insure that the outside auditor is properly performing its functions on behalf of The Collective.

The Audit Committee shall investigate any complaints involving The Collective's financial matters or other alleged violations of The Collective's internal code of conduct and shall report its findings to the General Executive Board. The General Executive Board shall adopt an Audit Committee Charter to more fully specify the duties of the Audit Committee and an internal code of conduct for The Collective's officers, employees, and agents. The General Executive Board shall have the authority to amend the Charter and the internal code of conduct from time to time. 

Section 3. The Trustees shall have the right to attend all meetings of the General Executive Board and shall be allowed to participate in the meetings as determined by the General President, except that they shall not have the right to vote.

Fiscal Year 

Section 4. The fiscal years of The collective and subordinate bodies shall commence on the first (1st) of January

Article IX

GENERAL EXECUTIVE BOARD— DUTIES AND POWERS General 

Section 1. Such powers, duties, and authority as are not otherwise delegated to the General President and General Secretary-Treasurer of the International Union shall be exercised, acted upon, and determined by the General Executive Board. The General Executive Board shall have the authority to interpret and apply the Constitution and laws of The Collective and to decide all questions of law thereunder subject to appeal to the next Convention. The General Executive Board shall have governing authority over The Collective and its subordinate bodies to the end of upholding the laws and policies of The Collective as expressed in this Constitution. 

Revocation and Suspension

Section 2(a). Unless otherwise provided in this Constitution, the General President or the General Secretary-Treasurer, when they deem it necessary to suspend or revoke a charter, shall immediately notify the members of the General Executive Board for their approval of same. Such action shall not be taken without notice to and hearing for the affiliate involved. 

(b). Any subordinate suspended by the General Executive Board shall lose, for the period of its suspension, all privileges of The Collective. 

Meetings of General Executive Board

Section 5. The General Executive Board shall hold quarterly meetings at such specific time and place as shall be determined by the General President. At the discretion of the General President, a quarterly meeting may be held within one (1) month after the end of the quarter. Upon the written request of a majority of the General Executive Board to the General President, it shall be the duty of the General President to call a meeting of the General Executive Board within thirty (30) days. A majority of the members of the General Executive Board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of its business.

Special Conventions

Section 6. A special convention can be held by a 60% vote by the member body. The General Executive Board shall establish the rules and procedures for the calling and holding of Special Conventions, including the right to determine the issues that may be considered. The General Executive Board shall identify such issues in the Notice calling a Special Convention, if appropriate. If such Special Convention is called more than twelve (12) months before the next regular Convention, such Special Convention shall have the power to change any provision of the Constitution except the provision dealing with the terms of office and the provisions of Article V dealing with salaries and expenses of officers. However, if such Special Convention is called within twelve (12) months of the next regular Convention, such Special Convention shall be in place and instead of the next regular Convention

Employment of Clerical, Technical and Professional Assistance 

Section 8. The General President and General Secretary-Treasurer, respectively, shall have the power to employ or retain such clerical, technical, and professional assistance for their respective departments as each may from time to time determine. Such persons shall be paid reasonable salaries or professional fees from the general fund; salaries shall be appropriately classified so as to provide for uniformity of compensation for the general type of work in both departments. The Executive Officers shall also have the authority to establish the conditions of employment and fringe benefits for such persons. All of the foregoing shall be subject to the disapproval of the General Executive Board, but such disapproval shall not be retroactive.

Legal Expenses 

Section 9(a). The Collective is authorized to pay all the expenses for investigating services, employment of all counsel, and other necessary expenditures in any cause, matter, case, or cases where an officer, representative, employee, agent, or one charged with acting on behalf of The Collective and/or its affiliates is charged with any violation or violations of any law or is sued in any civil actions 

(1) if a majority of the General Executive Board in its sole discretion determines that said charges or lawsuits 

(a) are unfounded, or 

(b) are politically motivated, or 

(c) were filed in bad faith in an attempt to embarrass or destroy The Collective or The Collective's Officer or representative, or 

(2) if a majority of the General Executive Board in its sole discretion determines that the expenditures should be made. 

(b). The provisions set forth in subsection (a) above shall also apply to such expenditures made by all affiliates other than subordinates if the appropriate governing body of the affiliate in its sole discretion determines that the expenditures should be made. 

(c). A subordinate is authorized to pay any and all the above expenditures in any cause, matter, case, or cases where an officer, representative, employee, agent, or one charged with acting on behalf of The Collective is charged with any violation or violations of any law or is sued in any civil action or actions 

(1) if a majority of the subordinate Executive Board in its sole discretion determines that said charges or lawsuits 

(a) are unfounded, or 

(b) are politically motivated, or 

(c) were filed in bad faith in an attempt to embarrass or destroy subordinate or subordinate's officer or representative, or if a majority of the subordinate Executive Board in its sole discretion determines that the expenditures should be made.

Retirement and Other Plans 

Section 10. The General Executive Board shall have the authority to adopt, maintain, or amend any pension or health and welfare trust agreement or plan (other than plans established by subordinate bodies) which it deems to be in the interest of the officers and employees of The Collective or subordinate bodies, and the families of said officers and employees, provided that no vested rights of a participant shall be impaired. The General Executive Board may also adopt other benefit plans permitted by law such as, but not limited to, prepaid legal services.

Mergers 

Section 11. All mergers of subordinate bodies shall be subject to approval by the General Executive Board, and no such merger shall be effectuated until such approval has been obtained. In the event the Executive Boards of two or more subordinate bodies agree to merge, the merging subordinate shall conduct a vote by its Executive Boards, after reasonable notice, to approve the merger proposal. Upon ratification of the merger agreement by the merging subordinates, the involved subordinates shall notify the General Secretary-Treasurer of the merger proposal and provide a copy of the merger agreement, if any. The General Secretary-Treasurer shall notify the involved Joint Council of the proposed merger and solicit its recommendation prior to submitting the merger request to the General Executive Board for its approval. The General Executive Board shall also have the power to merge subordinate bodies. In exercising its discretion, the General Executive Board shall specify the terms and conditions of the merger, taking into consideration such circumstances as the financial conditions, jurisdiction, location, and such other factors as appear appropriate in connection with the subordinate bodies involved. In the event the General Executive Board determines that it would be in the best interest of The Collective and the members of the involved subordinate bodies to merge two or more subordinate entities, the General Executive Board shall conduct a referendum vote of the total member body. No vote needs be conducted if a subordinate is not capable of performing its functions, due to its financial conditions or where an emergency situation exists within the subordinate. In those circumstances, the General Secretary-Treasurer shall attest to a subordinate's adverse financial condition and/or the emergency situation that requires merger and report such to the General Executive Board. The General Secretary-Treasurer may, at their discretion, report such situation to the involved Joint Council and solicit its recommendation. The General Executive Board shall approve any such merger prior to its effectuation.

Affiliations and Other Agreements

Section 12. The General Executive Board shall have full power and exclusive authority to enter into jurisdictional, no-raid, and mutual assistance agreements and arrangements with other organizations on behalf of The Collective for the purpose of effecting the absorption, amalgamation, merger, or affiliation of, or coordination with, other organizations with The Collective; and the General Executive Board shall have authority to take any and all action, without limitation, as it deems necessary to effectuate such authority. The General Executive Board shall also have full power and exclusive authority to enter into agreements and arrangements on behalf of The Collective for the purpose of effectuating the affiliation of The Collective or its coordination with any other national or international organization or federation, committees, or conferences and also for the purpose of creating and/or participating in any federation of organizations. No agreements entered into by the General Executive Board that effectuate the absorption, amalgamation, merger, or affiliation of another organization shall prevail and control over the provisions of this Constitution.

Article X 

REVENUES

Revenue 

Section 1. The normal operating income of The Collective shall be derived as follows: 

(a). Membership fee of five dollars ($5)

(b). Verification fees for commercial entities

(1) Digital Identity ($10) ten dollars

(2) Business verification ($10) ten dollars

(3) New York Stock Exchange or Nasdaq listed commercial entities ($10,000 preliminary fee)

 (c). Sale of products and services to be listed later

 

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